What is hormone therapy
Before talking about what hormone therapy is, and in what cases it can be prescribed, we want to remind everyone who is interested in this topic, here's what:
- treatment with hormonal drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor;
- the correct selection of the remedy is possible only after a full examination of the patient;
- each hormonal drug has a number of contraindications;
- the course of therapy can be carried out exclusively under the supervision of a specialist.
Usually, an average human body’s endocrine glands synthesize about 50 different hormones. Their exact number is very individual and depends on age, gender and health condition (human endocrine system is able to produce up to 74 types of hormones). These substances are released directly into the blood and are responsible for such processes as growth, tissue renewal, metabolism, childbirth, and others.
The lack or excess of any hormone signals the wrong work (decrease or increase in activity).) one way or another cancer.
Types of hormone therapy
Hormone treatment can be substitutive, stimulating, and inhibitory.
Hormone replacement therapy is prescribed for such pathologies, when there is a partial or complete cessation of the endocrine glands. The patient takes drugs that contain the missing hormone itself or its analog, obtained by chemical means.
The peculiarity of such treatment is the need for regular intake of the substance into the body from the outside; otherwise, the therapeutic effect disappears. For this reason, in most cases, the course of treatment lasts the entire life of the patient (the attending physician can adjust the dosage and replace one drug with another, based on the results of the patient's tests). So, for example, it occurs in diabetes mellitus or thyroid diseases.
Stimulating hormone therapy is indicated in cases where it is necessary to "boost" work of the particular endocrine gland and identify its potential. This type of treatment is temporary, and sometimes it is carried out in several courses with interruptions (for example, to stimulate the adrenal glands).
Inhibitory (blocking) hormone therapy is applicable in situations where the particular gland produces the hormone in excessive amounts. Also, this type of treatment is indicated in the fight against a number of neoplasms. The essence of the method is to enter the body of a substance that is an antagonist of an excess hormone, or a substance that blocks the excessive activity of some gland.
As a rule, inhibitory hormone therapy is used as part of a comprehensive treatment for surgery or chemotherapy, since it is not effective enough as an independent method.
Hormone therapy: what diseases does it treat?
Despite the fact that the topic of hormone treatment generates a lot of controversy in the professional medical environment, the effectiveness of this type of therapy is scientifically proven and confirmed by practice.
The use of hormonal drugs allows you to achieve positive results in the fight against a number of diseases:
- hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism;
- diabetes mellitus (mainly of the first type, but sometimes of the second);
- hormone-dependent tumors of the reproductive system;
- malignant tumors of the prostate gland;
- asthma, allergic rhinitis and other pathologies that occur against the background of an immune reaction to allergens;
- hormonal imbalances and other diseases caused by glandular dysfunction.
It is worth noting that with severe symptoms of menopause, women are also often prescribed hormone therapy. However, hormonal drugs have a positive effect in the fight against chronic and treatable conditions exclusively under the supervision of a doctor!